The impact evaluation strategy for the Land Project is comprised of four components-an impact evaluation of the institutional strengthening activity (Activity II), an impact evaluation of site-specific activity (Activity III) in urban hotspot areas, an impact evaluation of site-specific activity (Activity III) in rural hotspot areas, and a perfo
rmance evaluation of site specific activity (Activity III) for communities via the community land fund (ITC). This evaluation covers Activity III site specific land access in rural areas. It is important to note that both comparisons and treatments of this evaluation are being affected by both the nation-wide policy activity (Activity I) and the institutional strengthening activity of the local district offices (Activity II). This evaluation essentially evaluates the effects of receiving all three activities versus only receiving Activity I and Activity II. Assuming the effects of Activity I and Activity II are constant in both the treatment and comparison areas, then the identified effects through this evaluation exercise is to evaluate the impacts of 'the site specific activities (Activity III) in rural hotspot areas.
The evaluation assesses changes in three broad categories: a) socio-economic characteristics (i.e., demographics, sources of income, asset holdings, and access to credit; b) land characteristics (i.e., land ownership, land markets, land investments, perceptions on tenure security and knowledge about land law and rights); and c) welfare characteristics (i.e., level of income, consumption and expenditure, and poverty status).