The fisheries at the Northwest Atlantic area are regulated by the NAFO Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries. This Convention applies to most fishery resources of the Northwest Atlantic except salmon, tunas/marlins, whales, and sedentary species (e.g. shellfish).
In 2009, NAFO has 12 Members from North America, Europe, Asia and the Caribbean. The Commission has entrusted the EFCA to coordinate the EU control and inspections activities in this area through a Joint Deployment Plan.
The NAFO JDP gives effect to the control and enforcement measures to ensure conservation and optimum utilisation of the fishery resources managed by the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO). The Joint Deployment Plan pools resources (inspectors and patrol vessels), from ten EU Member States and use them to ensure more effective and uniform control of fishing activities in the Northwest Atlantic. These Member States are Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom.