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ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, Flight direction, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR and WIND SPEED visual observation data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the NEW HORIZON cruises NH0005 and NH0007 as part of the NEP project...

NODC Accession 0113338 includes meteorological, visual observation and biological data collected aboard the NEW HORIZON during cruises NH0005 and NH0007 in the North Pacific Ocean from 2000-05-30 to 2000-08-12. These data include ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, Flight direction, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION, ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR and WIND SPEED.

The instruments used to collect these data include visual observation. These data were collected by Cynthia Tynan of Northwest Fisheries Science Center - Seattle and David G. Ainley of H.T. Harvey & Associates as part of NEP. The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) submitted these data to NODC on 2013-09-24.

The following is the text of the abstract provided by BCO-DMO:

GLOBEC NEP Northern California Current Bird Data
R/V New Horizon cruises NH0005 and 0007
NOTES:
(1) Please see companion file named 'metabirds' (http://globec.whoi.edu/jg/serv/globec/nep/metabirds.html0%7Bdir=globec.w...), which is supporting data for Bird Observations.

(2) The following documentation is extracted from:
David G. Ainley, Larry B. Spear, Cynthia T. Tynan, John A. Barth, Stephen D. Pierce, R. Glenn Ford and Timothy J. Cowles, 2005. Physical and biological variables affecting seabird distributions during the upwelling season of the northern California Current. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Volume 52, Issues 1-2, January 2005, Pages 123-143

As a part of the GLOBEC-Northeast Pacific project, we investigated variation in the abundance of marine birds in the context of biological and physical habitat conditions in the northern portion of the California Current System (CCS) during cruises during the upwelling season 2000. Continuous surveys of seabirds were conducted simultaneously in June (onset of upwelling) and August (mature phase of upwelling).

(3) Caution. Wind speed and direction may not be corrected for ship motion.

(4) Additional documentation, in the form of references, was provided by Dr. Ainley.

L.B. Spear, N. Nur & D.G. Ainley. 1992. Estimating absolute densities of flying seabirds using analyses of relative movement. Auk 109:385-389.
L.B. Spear & D.G. Ainley. 1997. Flight behaviour of seabirds in relation to wind direction and wing morphology. Ibis 139: 221-233.
L.B. Spear & D.G. Ainley. 1997. Flight speed of seabirds in relation to wind speed and direction. Ibis 139: 234-251.
L.B. Spear, D.G. Ainley, B.D. Hardesty, S.N.G. Howell & S.G. Webb. 2004. Reducing biases affecting at-sea surveys of seabirds: use of multiple observer teams. Marine Ornithology 32: 147-157.

Species Codes

Code
Description

AKCA
Cassin's Auklet

AKPA
Parakeet Auklet

AKRH
Rhinoceros Auklet

ALBF
Black-footed Albatross

ALLA
Laysan Albatross

COBR
Brandt's Cormorant

COPE
Pelagic Cormorant

FUNO
Northern Fulmar

GUCA
California Gull

GUGW
Glaucous-winged Gull

GUHR
Heermann's Gull

GUPI
Pigeon Guillemot

GURB
Ring-bill Gull

GUSA
Sabine's Gull

GUWE
Western Gull

JALT
Long-tailed Jaeger

JAPA
Parasitic Jaeger

JAPO
Pomarine Jaeger

LOAR
Pacific Loon

LOCO
Common Loon

MUCO
Common Murre

MUMA
Marbled Murrelet

MUXA
Xantus' Murrelet

PELB
Brown Pelican

PHNO
Red-necked Phalarope

PHRE
Red Phalarope

SHFF
Flesh-footed Shearwater

SHPF
Pink-footed Shearwater

SHSO
Sooty Shearwater

SKMA
South Polar Skua

STFT
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel

STLE
Leach's Storm-Petrel

TEAR
Arctic Tern

Behavior Codes

Code
Description

1
Flying directionally

2
Sitting on water

3
Feeding

Any questions about the data, please contact the PIs:
David G. Ainley: dainley@penguinscience.com (mailto:dainley@sbcglobal.net)
Cyndy Tynan: ctynan@whoi.edu (mailto:ctynan@sbcglobal.net)
updated Sept 08. 2005; gfh

General
Type: 
Belongs to network: 
Geographic
Country where the service is managed: 
United States of America
agINFRA The RING is part of the agINFRA project EC 7th framework program INFRA-2011-1.2.2 - Grant agr. no: 283770